Asbestos is a generic word for six types of naturally happening minerals. Different types of asbestos that are used in construction before the ’80s. Some of them are white, blue, and brown varieties, known as chrysotile, crocidolite, and amosite. This asbestos mineral was once seen as something of a miracle product. It’s found all over the world, but the biggest deposits can be seen in Canada and Russia. Unlike other minerals, it can easily be turned into thread for cloth, and which is remarkably fireproof. Asbestos material was used within pottery, napkins, insulation, clothing, and even symbolic eternal flames within temples. As it was the perfect insulation for hot things like steam pipes, turbines, ovens, and kilns. Its temperature resistance and durability made it perfect for brake and clutch linings on trains.
Many countries continued to use asbestos in home construction materials until the 1990s before knowing the hazards of asbestos usage, according to the agency for toxic substance and disease registry, part of the center for disease control. The main health hazards due to the exposure to asbestos can cause mesothelioma, as well as lung, gastrointestinal, colorectal, laryngeal, and ovarian cancers, in addition to non-malignant lung and pleural disorders. Some reports show that 194,000 people die globally from asbestos-caused diseases every year, translating to more than 500 deaths per day.